Most of the students know that essays should start with an introduction and end with a conclusion. The beginning and ending the essay is often far more difficult than writing the main body. Introductions are especially very difficult because they give the examiner his or her first impression of your essay writing skills. Conclusions are the last thing that the examiner will read before deciding your grade! Therefore, it’s very important to know what should and should not be included in each of these sections.
A Concluding Phrase
The first thing to put in the conclusion is a signal to the reader that you are finishing your essay, and that they have come to the end. This is called the concluding phrase, and does not have to be very longer than a couple of words. It tells the reader that you are done making your argument, and that you are now going to summarize the essay. Examples of good concluding phrases are in conclusion, to summarize, or Therefore On the other hand, there are some words that should not be used as a concluding phrase, like: Finally, or Lastly.
It is very important to practise this before the exam, as very often when you get to write the conclusion you are short of time. With a little practice, you should be able to write the conclusion quickly letting you spend more time on the content paragraphs of the essay. To help you do this, you will find the practice suggestions and sample conclusions on my conclusions page.
How to do it
When you write the conclusion, you don’t look at the graph or what you have already written. If you do that, you may write too much or write something very complex. The conclusion should be much simple. Try this and look away. See what you have to remember about the graph. There should be 2 or 3 main points and these are the points you include in your conclusion.